Summary of Kansas' Will Requirements:
|Minimum Age to Make a Will||18|
|Written Document Required||Yes|
|Nuncupative Wills (Oral)||Yes|
|Holographic Wills (Hand-Written, Unwitnessed)||No|
|Number of Witnesses Required||2|
|Statutory Form for Self-Proving Affidavit||Yes|
Statutes Governing Kansas' Will Requirements:
Disposal of property by will
Any person of sound mind, and possessing the rights of majority, may dispose of any or all of his or her property by will, subject to the provisions of this act.
Limitation on testamentary power
Any devise or other disposition of real estate located in this state taking effect in possession or enjoyment at death, and any bequest or other disposition of any personal property by a resident of this state taking effect in possession or enjoyment at death, without regard to the time when the will or other instrument containing such devise, bequest or other such disposition shall have been made, to any foreign country, subdivision thereof, or city, body politic, or corporation, located therein or existing under the laws thereof, or in trust or otherwise to any trustee or agent thereof, except devises, bequests or other such dispositions to institutions created and existing exclusively for religious, educational, or charitable purposes, is hereby prohibited. Any such devise, bequest or other such disposition shall be void.
Devise or bequest to witness
A beneficial devise or bequest made in a will to a subscribing witness thereto shall be void, unless there are two other competent subscribing witnesses who are not beneficiaries thereunder. But if such witness would have been entitled to any share of the testator's estate in the absence of a will, then so much of such share as will not exceed the value of the devise or bequest shall pass to the witness from the part of the estate included in the void devise or bequest. Such share shall be considered as a legacy or devise within the meaning of K.S.A. 59-1405.
Preparation of will or provision of will that gives any devise or bequest to writer or preparer
Any provision in a will, written or prepared for another person, that gives the writer or preparer or the writer's or preparer's parent, children, issue, sibling or spouse any devise or bequest is invalid unless:
(a) The writer or preparer is related to the testator by blood, marriage or adoption and the devise or bequest is not more than the writer or preparer or the writer's or preparer's parent, children, issue, sibling or spouse would receive under the laws of intestate succession, if the property passed in that manner; or
(b) it affirmatively appears that the testator had read or knew the contents of the will and had independent legal advice with reference thereto. As used in this section, "children" and "issue" shall have the same meaning as provided in K.S.A. 59-501, and amendments thereto.
Execution and attestation; self-proved wills and codicils; affidavits; form
Every will, except an oral will as provided in K.S.A. 59-608 and amendments thereto, shall be in writing, and signed at the end by the party making the will, or by some other person in the presence and by the express direction of the testator. Such will shall be attested and subscribed in the presence of such party by two or more competent witnesses, who saw the testator subscribe or heard the testator acknowledge the will. Such will, at the time of its execution or at any subsequent date during the lifetimes of the testator and the witnesses, may be made self-proved, and the testimony of the witnesses in the probate of the will may be made unnecessary by the acknowledgments of the will and the affidavits of the testator and the attesting witnesses. Such acknowledgments and affidavits shall be made before an officer authorized to take acknowledgments to deeds of conveyance and to administer oaths. Such acknowledgments and affidavits shall be evidenced by the certificate, with official seal affixed, of such officer attached or annexed to such will in form and contents substantially as follows:
State of ______________
County of _____________
Before me, the undersigned authority, on this day personally appeared __________, __________, and __________, known to me to be the testator and the witnesses, respectively, whose names are subscribed to the annexed or foregoing instrument in their respective capacities, and, all of such persons being by me first duly sworn, such __________, testator, declared to me and to the witnesses in my presence that such instrument is the testator's last will and testament, and that the testator had willingly made and executed it as the testator's free and voluntary act and deed for the purposes therein expressed. Such witnesses, each on the witness' oath stated to me, in the presence and hearing of the testator, that the testator had declared to them that such instrument is the testator's last will and testament, and that the testator executed same as such and wanted each witness to sign it as a witness. Upon their oaths each witness stated further that they did sign the will as witnesses in the presence of each other and in the presence of the testator and at the testator's request, and that the testator at that time possessed the rights of majority, was of sound mind and under no restraint.
Subscribed, acknowledged and sworn to before me by _____________, testator, and __________ and __________, witnesses, this _____ day of __________, A.D. __________.
(Official capacity of officer)
If an affidavit substantially in conformance with the affidavit described in this section is executed at the time of the execution of the will, no other signatures of the witnesses or any other attestation clause is required.
A self-proved will, unless contested, shall be admitted to probate without the testimony of any subscribing witness, but otherwise it shall be treated no differently than a will not self-proved. A self-proved will may be contested or be revoked, or be amended by a codicil in the same fashion as a will not self-proved. A codicil or the consent to take under the will by the spouse may be self-proved in the same manner as a will may be self-proved.
Competency of witness
If a witness to a will is competent at the time of his or her attestation, his or her subsequent incompetency shall not prevent the admission of such will to probate.
An oral will made in the last sickness shall be valid in respect to personal property, if reduced to writing and subscribed by two competent, disinterested witnesses within thirty days after the speaking of the testamentary words, when the testator called upon some person present at the time the testamentary words were spoken to bear testimony to said disposition as his or her will.
Will executed outside state
A will executed without this state in the manner prescribed by this act, or by the law of the place of its execution, or by the law of the testator's residence either at the time of its execution or of the testator's death, shall be deemed to be legally executed, and shall have the same force and effect as if executed in compliance with the provisions of this act: Provided, Said will is in writing and subscribed by the testator.
[Reference - Kansas Requirements for a Will].